Humayun's tomb is one of the historical monuments where the Mughal Emperor was buried. It is also called as “Humayun ka Maqbara”. The tomb is said to be constructed by the efforts of Bega Begum who was the first wife of the emperor. The construction of the tomb was done in the year 1569-70 and Mirak Mirza Ghiyath was responsible for handling the architecture as he was an experienced Persian architect. This was the very first time when any tomb was built in India. The Humayun's tomb is located near Dina-panah which is a famous citadel also referred as the Purana Qila (Old Fort) founded in the year 1533. It is the first ever monument which used red sandstone to design the tomb and declared as the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1993. The place has undergone a lot of changes to improve its appearance. Apart from the Humayun's tomb, there are many more small monuments that are located near the tomb, including the Isa Khan Niyazi sepulchre who was the Afghan noble of the Sher Shah Suri's court representing the Suri dynasty built around 1547 CE.
The multifaceted monument consists of many graves apart from the Emperor Humayun’s tomb. You will get to explore the grave of Hamida Begum, wife of Humayun and his grandson Dara Shikoh who is the son of Shah Jahan. Other people’s grave that you will find here are Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ud-Daulat, Emperor Jahandar Shah, Alamgir II and many more Mughals. The design of the tomb gives a glimpse of the Mughal architecture including the beautiful gardens and the Persian look that the architect tried to create for the people. The trend of being buried in royal garden was started by his father Babur. He was buried in the garden Bagh-e Babur (Gardens of Babur) situated in Kabul, now the part of Afghanistan. So this is how the trend started with many more people being buried in the royal places. Gur-e Amir is the tomb where his ancestors are buried and reflects the different type of architecture for which the Mughals are known for. The architecture went high up with the monument of Taj Mahal being the most popular in the Indian history.
Though there were many places where the tomb could be constructed but the site near the River Yamuna was considered to be a perfect destination as it also had the Nizamuddin Dargah located close to it. The dargah is dedicated to Nizamuddin Auliya, who is the Sufi saint and was the finest rulers belonging to Delhi. Even the residence of the sufi saint Chilla Nizamuddin Auliya is located near to the tomb itself. This place also signifies as a refugee settlement of Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar who was the last emperor in the Mughal history. He came here in 1857 with three other princesses before being captured by Captain Hodson. The place was also the capital city of Sultan Kequbad (1268-1287).